WHAT IS THE
‘Many objectives cannot be attained through individual initiatives; to success we need a collective action in which the EU,
According to this spirit, the Macroregion represents an innovative mode of territorial cooperation of different regions and nations, with balanced and sustainable development as a shared goal.
The Macroregion is not a geographical region with predefined boundaries; it is a functional area, composed of national, regional, and local bodies coming together to tackle a number of shares issues and it involves in territories in Albania, Bosnia- Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia.
Also, the Macroregion is not a further institutional level within the European Union( like states, regions, municipalities, etc.) but rather network, an operating mode or, more precisely, a joint Initiative involving several European, national, regional and stakeholders, policies and funding programmes.
For this reason, the Macroregion does not affect all public sector intervention sectors, but rather focuses on a number of challenges identified and shares by the partners who are part of it.
In particular, the Adriatic- Ionian Macroregion is a meaningful factor of reconciliation among territories east of the
The basic task of the Adriatic- Ionian Macroregion is the connecting the territories, it includes to promote their sustainable development and, at the same time, to protect the fragile sea, coastal and inland environment.
The operating sectors of the Adriatic- Ionian Macroregion will by the partners; at any rate, a number of priority sectors can already be identified: environment conservation, improvement of accessibility and communications( sea motorways, fishing, navigation and port safety), with a clear reference to a choices made by European Commission as regards to environment policy.
In this respect, the Macroregion may became an effective instrument for the integrated management of specific sector, inherently local policies, such as, for example, transport, economic development, healthcare, the environment, culture, agricultural and rural policies.
Together with to other two European macro- regions, the Baltic Sea and Danube, the Adriatic- Ionian Macroregion is the ideal connection between Northern and Southern Europe because, since it also includes the central eastern Mediterranean area, it can relieve the congestion of the south- eastern access to
TIMING OF THE
Since the beginning of
On March 3,
The opinion approval process involved a first step on July 4, which has a successful outcome, and wasl completed on October 12 when, during the plenary assembly of the Committee of the Regions, the final validation was given.
Council of June 23 and 24: in the Conclusions, member States were invited “to keep working, in collaboration with the Commission, at possible future Macroregions, with the particular reference to the Adriatic- Ionian Macroregion”.
The procedure for the final approval of the Adriatic Ionian Macroregion should be concluded by
ADVANTAGES OF THE FUTURE
The added value stemming from the institution of a Macroregion lies in the integrated and coordinated approach by a different institutions, committed to solve shared problems; a common initiative, involving various stakeholders, different policies and several funding programmes.
This common initiative implies an actual will to collaborate of different power and the possibility to coordinate different funding sources.
The Macroregion, as cooperation mode, is peculiar because is capable of strengthening the coherence and the coordination of political actions, of strengthening the use of financial resources and of enhancing the role regional ad local bodies, strongly involving civil society organizations.
A further added value of the Adriatic- Ionian Macroregion is the new attention of the EU as regards the western Balkans.
In this regard, the Macroregion may also facilitate the accession to the EU of the Countries interested in the pre- accession procedures; furthermore, it represent an opportunity to realize and promote the strengthening of democratic process among the territories belonging to the wider Mediterranean area.
ACTORS INVOLVED IN THE INSTITUTION OF THE
The relevant geographical area for the Adriatic- Ionian Macroregion includes three Member States(
In view of an accession of western Balkan countries, the Adriatic and
The Macroregion goes beyond the sea basin and, thanks to its very nature of territory connector, of joining links of people and institutions, it is an ideal instrument to foster an exchange of ideas, people, goods and services, with a natural control of migration flows.
For its characterizing features and, in particular, for the attention of its member states to the protection of sea water and coast, the Adriatic Ionian Macroregion may undertake a more strictly Mediterranean dimension, fostering the stabilization process in the area.